Endangered bird species in india

Details of bird species reported from India which are listed as Critically Endangered in IUCN Red List version 2013.2

No

Common Name

Scientific Name

1

Baer’s Pochard

Aythyabaeri

2

Forest Owlet

Heteroglauxblewitti

3

Great Indian Bustard

Ardeotisnigriceps

4

Bengal Florican

Houbaropsisbengalensis

5

Siberian Crane

Grusleucogeranus

6

Spoon-billed Sandpiper

Eurynorhynchuspygmeus

7

Sociable Lapwing

Vanellusgregarius

8

Jerdon’s Courser

Rhinoptilusbitorquatus

9

White backed Vulture

Gyps bengalensis

10

Red-headed Vulture

Sarcogypscalvus

11

White-bellied Heron

Ardeainsignis

12

Slender-billed Vulture

Gyps tenuirostris

13

Indian Vulture

Gyps indicus

14

Himalayan Quail

Ophrysiasuperciliosa

15

Pink-headed Duck

Rhodonessacaryophyllacea

            The major reasons for decline in the population of birds are: loss, modification, fragmentation and degradation of habitat, environmental contaminants, poaching, land use changes particularly conversion of large areas to intensive crop cultivation, changes in cropping pattern due to various reasons including implementation of irrigation schemes, increased pesticide usage and livestock-grazing, high levels of disturbance, developmental activities like mining and hydel projects. Threats posed by infrastructure development, such as collisions with vehicles, power-lines and wind turbines, further exacerbate the situation.

By: k.mohan

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